What is a spectacle frame?

Properly selected glasses are not only a guarantee of good health, but also self-confidence. With this accessory you can significantly transform your image. Therefore, the choice of frames should be approached with all seriousness. Further in the article, we will consider the types of frames and find out what materials they are made of.

What does the frame consist of?

The frame is an integral part of glasses, a kind of frame for fixing lenses made of plastic or glass. It is she who allows you to wear glasses with comfort.

The design consists of the following parts:

  • The frame is the front part holding the lenses. Consists of rims in which lenses are inserted.
  • The bridge holds the bezels of the frame. It may have nasal stops that help evenly distribute the weight of the product, or be naked.
  • The earhooks hold the frame in position. Must be a suitable size and curvature. In optics stores, they are often bent for a specific person.
  • The hinges hold together the frame and the earhook. A more modern version of the fastener is flexes that prevent loosening of the structure.
  • Tips - soft lining on the earhooks made of silicone or plastic. They protect the skin from possible reactions to the metal.

Attention! To ensure a larger viewing angle, the size of the rims should be sufficient, but the glasses should be comfortable and not press on the face.

Constructive types of frames

For many people, glasses have become an element of style. Due to the large assortment, it became possible to wear this accessory even to people who do not suffer from diseases of the organs of vision. By design features, the following types of frames can be distinguished:

The rim . This is the most common and popular option. The place for the lenses is located within the borders of the rims.

Semi-rimless . There is only an upper or lower border fixing the lens. It is often used nylon fishing line.

Folding . They can quickly and easily change their appearance. Convenient and easy to use.

Rimless . In this case, the lenses are attached with special screws directly to the frame. The rimless option is preferred by those who do not want to focus on glasses.

Materials for frames

Frames can be made of different materials. Not only the appearance of the product depends on their choice, but also its weight, wear resistance, reliability, and wearing comfort. This is also the main criterion in determining the cost of an accessory. Next, we consider the most popular types of raw materials.


For a long time, metal glasses were the sales leaders. Today they hold a confident second place . The material is quite light, beautiful and durable, combined with different styles of clothing and with all accessories.

Precious metal frame with stones.

The downside is its ability to cause allergies during prolonged wear. Also, the surface may oxidize over time . Different types of metals can be involved in the creation of products: copper alloys, aluminum, stainless steel, titanium, precious metals.

Titanium frames are recognized as one of the best . They can be easily identified by a grayish or silver color. This is one of the lightweight, durable and hypoallergenic types of raw materials used in optics. Frames from it are spectacular and luxurious, look expensive and status. Products of the vip class are made of titanium, when it comes to metal.

Titanium frame.

For mass series, only titanium alloys are used in conjunction with other components. There is another unique material - flexon. This compound is based on nickel and titanium . Marchon Eyewear received an exclusive patent for this development.

Important! Flexon has a memory and even after severe deformation takes the initial parameters. Therefore, often such products are bought by children.


This material is most often used for mass production. The most common is cellulose acetate, chemically extracted from cotton. This is the most budget type of plastic. It is easy to process, shock resistant and resistant to high temperatures.

Among the shortcomings, it is noted that in places of contact with the skin under the influence of sweat, the material gradually discolors. In addition, in the sun it burns out and is capable of deformation . However, such glasses can be quickly replaced with new ones.

Plastic has many advantages:

  • ease;
  • strength;
  • affordable cost;
  • durability;
  • variety of colors.

Important! Almost no collection of famous brands can do without plastic frames.

Natural materials

Natural materials such as wood, bone, horn, leather, tortoise-shell and others are used much less often than plastic and metal. This is explained by the high cost and the need for manual manufacturing . The high cost of wood products is associated with the use of valuable species. Such frames are elite.

Frame of buffalo horns.

Their advantages include:

  • environmental friendliness;
  • hypoallergenicity;
  • unusual design;
  • aesthetic qualities.

Reference! Often in the manufacture of glasses, materials are combined, creating the most convenient and aesthetic options.

Frame of tortoise shell.

Due to the great variety, each person will be able to choose the right frame, depending on personal wishes. As a rule, glasses are bought for a long time, therefore, when selecting, it is better to consult a specialist. After all, the product should be not only beautiful, but also convenient.