Cardigan is a truly unique thing. At least several models of this little thing are in the wardrobe of any woman. With a little skill and a great desire, you can tie yourself a new thing in anticipation of the cold weather. Cardigans are knitted and crocheted. In this article we will analyze both options.
Knitted cardigans, new models
Knitted cardigans are worn both in the cold and in the warm seasons. Summer models are decorated with openwork and airy patterns. Among the insulated models, the most relevant cardigans-coat with a fastener and without, pockets. There are models with fur collars.
Very large knitting is also in fashion. Here, braids, aranas and other voluminous patterns look harmoniously. Another trend - Lalo - a cardigan with a color transition from lighter to dark or vice versa. Volume braids are taken as its basis. There are tons of instructional videos. In order to tie a creative Lalo cardigan, even experienced craftswomen need more than one week.
Therefore, today we will focus on simpler, but no less effective models of blouses, which are not so difficult to do with your own hands and quite quickly.
Selection of yarn and tools
For lightweight, versatile models, it is worth choosing cotton-based material. Perfectly keep the shape of cotton with viscose. You can also use strings of acrylic. Acrylic yarn is soft to the touch, pleasant to wear, does not shrink when washed. You can use yarn made of linen, silk and other types.
IMPORTANT: Acrylic products accumulate static electricity and, when exposed to ultraviolet rays, can lose their shape over time.
For insulated cardigans, thick woolen threads are best suited. They are made from 100% sheep wool. Often, acrylic is added to them so that the product keeps its shape better. Often used yarn from merino wool, it is soft and delicate, her thread is thin. You can also use refined cashmere, mohair, angora, etc.
Sweatshirts can be knitted or crocheted. Usually, warmer, three-dimensional cut models are knitted with needles, while crocheting turns delicate and elegant products (photo).
We knit a cardigan
Different knitting methods are used for different patterns. They differ in the ways of knitting the sleeve:
- Raglan bottom.
- Raglan on top.
- One-piece seamless.
There are so many patterns. Choosing them is based on the purpose of the product. For the insulated model, beautiful voluminous patterns are suitable: braids, aranas, in the form of hexagons, alternating knitting of the front and back rows or loops also look great. They are the most simple in execution, but they look original and unusual.
Materials and Tools
- Yarn 80% / 20% wool / polyamide; 700 m / 100 gr., Consumption 400 gr.
- Knitting needles number 8.
- Circular knitting needle number 8.
Knitting in two strings.
On knitting needles number 8 we gain 168 stitches. We knit a rubber band 2x2 (2 persons. X 2 out.). So we knit 3 cm. From the next row, we begin to knit a ribbed pattern. The rapport consists of six rows: front loops; wrong side; facial; facial; wrong side; facial.
So we knit 23 cm. Next, close 17 loops on the left and right shelves. It will be pockets. For the pocket, 15 cm from the beginning, again we collect 17 loops on the out. side and knit persons. stitch. When the pocket is connected at 8 cm, add 17 loops again and continue.
ATTENTION: The second pocket must be tied according to the same principle.
So do another 52 cm. We knit the next row like this:
- edge loop (remove);
- 44 facial p .;
- 6 loops close;
- 66 facial p .;
- 6 loops close;
- 44 facial p .;
- Edge (out)
We knit another row out. loops.
IMPORTANT: The height of the product is always done vertically.
On knitting needles No. 8 we dial 44 p. And knit with a rubber band 2x2. We knit 3 cm. We proceed to the implementation of the pattern.
For okata from 2 sides, after every full 20 rows we make an increase five times in one loop, that is, you need to add 10 loops. Total 54 p. We knit 45 centimeters.
- 3 pet. close;
- 48 facial;
- 3 pet. close.
We knit the second sleeve the same way.
We connect everything together
We transfer all parts of the product to round knitting needles. We knit the 1st out. row pattern. We knit the edge loops together. Using a marker, note: 45p. right half., 48p. sleeve, 66p. back, 48p. sleeve, 45p. left gender. Total we get 248 loops.
For the ragged line, we make a decrease five times, two loops in each fourth row, 16 times two loops in every 2nd row. We knit 12 rows with a pattern (like the rest of the details). We finish by knitting three rows out. smooth.
Close the loop. You can sew sleeves.
Cardigan is ready!
Children's cardigan for girls 5-6 years old
Materials and equipment
- Yarn 49% / 51% wool / acrylic, 180 m / 100 gr.
- Knitting needles number 3, 5; four.
Using knitting needles number 3, 5 we gain 43 pet. We knit with a rubber band 3x3 4 cm, ending with one front instead of three.
We pass to the knitting needles No. 4. We knit:
- 8 pet. pearl pattern.
- 12 pet. braid.
- 12 pet. pearl.
- 10 pet. braid.
- Edge (wrong side).
After 6 centimeters from the beginning, we collect 40 loops on the 3rd spoke. In the next row, first we knit loops from the second knitting needle, then add loops from the third. We knit the third knit in this way:
- 2 out. loops;
- 12 pet. pearl pattern;
- 12 pet. braid;
- 12 pet. pearl;
- 2 out. loops.
We get 83 loops.
After 7 centimeters from the beginning, we make additions to the right for the bevel of the shoulder (we knit the increase in a pearl pattern) in each 4th row. Add 8 times 1p.
After 18.5 cm, we begin to knit the neck. We close in each 4th row 2 times 2 loops. We knit 21 rows straight. We make an increase for the neck on the right side in each 4th row 2 times, 2 loops. We get 91 stitches. We knit 3 rows straight. We close on the right side in each 4th row 8 times one loop.
After 43 centimeters from the beginning, we close the left side with 40 loops. We get 43 loops. We knit six rows.
We knit with needles No. 3, 5 a rubber band 3x3 4 cm. We close.
We knit to the level of the neck similar to the back. B / w 18.5 centimeters close on the right in each 20th row 1 time for 6 loops, 2 times for 2 loops. Then in each 4th row we close 1 time with 2 loops. We get 79 loops.
After 22.5 centimeters, we start a 3x3 gum. To do this, we collect 9 new loops on the left in the first row starting from the 4th front loop instead of the 3 front loop. We close.
Knit in mirror image. We start knitting with the right armhole.
On knitting needles No. 3, 5 we dial 43 loops. We knit 4 centimeters with a rubber band 3x3, you need to start with 2 facial instead of 3 facial Knitting No. 4 we knit the front surface. We make increases from 2 sides at a distance of 2 loops from the edge in each 10th row 6 times one loop. B / w 31 cm from the beginning, close 55 loops.
On knitting needles number 3, 5 we dial 105 loops. We knit 10 centimeters with a rubber band 3x3. We lay the stitches on the other knitting needle through one and knit 3 rows of faces. iron on 53 loops. From the back of the product we return to the deferred loops, there are 52 of them. We knit 3 rows of faces. stitch. Put off.
On knitting needles number 3.5 we knit with a rubber band 3x3 4 centimeters. Put off.
Product assembly: we sew the shoulders, sew the collar, sew on the sides; we sew the bar; we sew sleeves; sew buttons; sew buttons
Cardigan for a boy
Materials and equipment
- Yarn 50% / 50% wool / acrylic 150m / 100 gr.
- Knitting needles number 2.5; 5.
On knitting needles number 5 we collect 102 loops. Further, the front and back rows knit faces. loops (pattern "garter stitch"). Need to knit 12 cm. In the following persons. row: 18 loops., 11 loops are removed on the auxiliary knitting needle (for pockets), again we dial 11 loops, 44 loops, 11 we remove and we re-assemble, 18 loops.
After 22 cm from the beginning, we divide the product into parts. Shelves - 30 loops, back - 42 loops. Now we knit all parts separately. We close 3 loops on each side of the back, we close 3 loops on the side of the sleeves. It will be armholes. There are 36 loops on the back, 27 on the shelves.
After 16 cm of the armhole, add 11 p. Shoulder shelves and backs and close them, you need to knit loops together, one loop from each knitting needle. Those loops that remain, translate on one spoke. In the shoulder seams, we collect 2 loops. We get 50 loops. We make 4 more rows.
Knit the hood
We make an increase in one loop from 2 sides. Repeat in every fourth row. At a height of the hood of 20 cm, divide the loops on both knitting needles and close them, as well as the shoulder seams.
We collect 25 loops on knitting needles No. 5. We knit a garter stitch 6 cm. In every fifth row we make an increase 12 times, one from each edge. We get 49 loops. B / w 32 centimeters from the beginning close.
We transfer to the knitting needles No. 2.5 deferred 11 loops. Tie a row so that it turns out 23 loops. That is, add 12 loops of broaches. We knit another 20 cm (the front rows of the front stitches., Wrong - purl). Fold the pocket and sew it to the shelf from the inside. The second pocket is connected in a similar way.
Assembly: sew the sleeves; sew in sleeves; we sew buttons.
Cardigan is ready.
Crochet a cardigan
How to crochet a female cardigan for beginners
Product for 40–42 rr
Materials and equipment
- Cotton yarn (iris) 300m / 100g, 6 skeins.
- Hook number 3.
For the back we collect 123 air loops and one more (lifting loop). We knit a fan pattern:
Pattern number 1. Knitting a fan pattern
Number of loops multiple 20 plus 3 plus 1 air loop of rise. We use the circuit number 1. We start the rows with one or three air stitches instead of one b / n column or one double crochet. We knit like this: loops before rapport, rapport, loops after rapport. It is necessary to knit so from the 1st to the 10th row of brine, then 7-10 rows of brine. In the 5th row, we knit a fan pattern.
In the 30th row, we remove one rapport from 2 sides. So we form places for inserting sleeves. Track. a row - b / n columns.
Then we begin a relief drawing:
Knitting pattern number 2, 3
The number of loops is a multiple of 6 plus 2 plus 1 in. p. knit according to the scheme number 2.
From 2 sides we make an addition in each second row 8 times in one loop. We knit another 14 centimeters. We do not tie to the armholes of 3 loops from 2 sides. In the next 3 rows we do not knit 2 loops, in the next. 4 - one. Total we get 76 loops.
B / w 35 cm do not knit in 6 loops, next. 2 rows of 6 more loops.
We form the neck: we do not knit 34 loops in the middle of the back, and we finish the edges separately. To form a circle from the inner edge, do not knit 3 loops in each row.
We continue to the height of the relief pattern = 36.5 cm
63 air loops and one lifting loop. We knit a fan pattern. On the right side of the product we make reductions for the sleeves. So we knit 43 cm. Then a row of b / n columns. From next we knit a row with a relief pattern.
On the right side, we perform increases and decreases as on the back. After 23 cm, form the neck. We do not knit three loops on the left in each 2nd row, reduce 3p x2p, 2p x 3p, 3p x 2p.
We tie the shelf to the level of the back.
We knit symmetrically with the left.
69 loops and one lifting loop. We carry out a fan pattern. In the first row we add two arches. After 48.5 cm from the beginning, we make one row with b / n columns. Next, we knit with a relief. We do not knit 3 loops, we make reductions in each 2nd row: 4x2, 3x1, 1x2, 2x3. We knit with a relief of 21 cm.
We make seams on the sides, sew in the sleeves. We make a binding of all the edges. We knit four slits for buttons. Sew on buttons.
Cardigan is ready. Wear to health!