Using modern technology, you can simulate the skin so that it is very difficult to distinguish from natural. Such a product will look like the original in appearance and even smell accordingly.
How to distinguish skin from imitation
The first thing you need to pay attention to the price of the goods. Real skin cannot be cheap.
It will also be useful to have an idea of the types of skin, since the field of application depends on its properties.
- Boiled. The skin is rugged and fairly light. It got its name from the dressing method. In ancient times, it was used as armor or in book bindings.
- Vegan. The starting material is the skin of cattle or pigs with a thickness of one cm. It is used in ethnic costumes, accessories, holsters and saddles.
- Velours. Absolutely any skins are suitable for its production. In the finished version, it looks like this: on the right side of the bakhtarm (that is, the fleecy part), on the left - the measure (leather part).
- Suede. The source material is skins of wild animals. The material is soft, velvety and durable. It is covered on both sides by a short dense pile.
- Laika. They are made from skins: a lamb or a kid. It feels like a product made of such leather is soft, plastic. Meria is smooth and without wrinkles. Gloves are sown from such material, rarely jackets.
- Nappa In finished form, it is a very thin material (up to 1 mm) and elastic. They are made from the skins of a cow, bull or sheep. Bags, accessories, hats and clothes are made from nappa. Main manufacturers: Italy, Spain and Turkey
Napplak. This is a variety of nappa, only varnished.
- Nubuck. Outwardly very similar to suede. Its difference is that it is made from cattle skins.
- Deer. A fairly durable material that keeps its shape and perfectly retains heat. It feels like suede to the touch. Very rarely found on sale, so they are expensive.
- Parchment. It is made from skins: a lamb, a kid and a calf. It is used in the manufacture of musical instruments, finishing machines, book bindings and accessories.
- Morocco. Made from skins: calf or sheep. In quality, such a material is thin, soft, wear-resistant and of different colors. Bags and cases are made from it.
- Split Made from pig skins. The result is a material of different thicknesses, which are used in the manufacture of various products (from haberdashery to outerwear).
- Cheprak. It is made from skins taken from the spinal part of cattle. Differs in considerable density and thickness.
- Shagreen. It is made from the skins of the ridge part of small cattle or horses. Often painted green. Has a hilly surface. Soft and hard shagreen leather are distinguished depending on the dressing method.
- Chevret. Such material is distinguished by density, elasticity. It is made from the skin of a sheep.
- Chevro. The basis for the manufacture are goat hides. It differs from the chevret by the “fine wrinkle” pattern. The material is soft, dense and durable.
- Shora. At the heart of manufacturing are cow or bull skins. It differs from cheprak in that it is denser and thicker.
- Yuft. It is made from the abdominal part of the skin of a cow or a bull. Differs in softness and plasticity.
Species of skin imitation are not so extensive. Its use depends on the basis. Since different materials give different elasticities and strengths.
Types of Artificial Leather
- Dermantin. The basis of this material is cotton. Nitrocellulose coating (on one or both sides).
- Kersey is a rubber-coated cotton.
- Vinyl artificial leather is a synthetic fabric coated with polyvinyl chloride. It imitates genuine leather as much as possible.
- Stretch leather. At the heart is knitwear. Polymer coating.
- Faux leather (PU). Widely used in modern products. It is based on defective genuine leather. The coating is made of high quality polymer coating.
- PVC At the heart of the fabric. PVC coating with the addition of plasticizer.
Therefore, choosing clothes or shoes for a cold winter, it is better to give preference to natural materials. In such a product you will not be hot or cold. Also, genuine leather is elastic and takes the form of a host. Such shoes will not reap, causing discomfort.
Leatherette only looks like genuine leather. He does not have all the qualities and benefits of a natural one. It is less flexible and therefore quickly cracks and bursts. Genuine leather does not have such defects. She just takes the form of the person who wears it.
Shop Verification Methods
IMPORTANT! Do not check the product with fire. Products made from natural material can be coated with a special composition that is highly flammable. And artificial leather does not hold temperatures and can melt. In this case, you will have to pay the damage.
- Take the product in your hands. Hold it for a minute or two. Genuine leather heats up quickly and absorbs moisture from the hands. Such a product will be warm and dry. And artificial will become wet.
- Look at the sections of the product. In natural material it will be rough, and in artificial - even.
- Genuine leather, it is elastic and quickly recovers after pressing.
- The natural material is porous and, when stained, completely absorbs the dye. Therefore, if the natural skin is slightly stretched, its color will not change and cracks will not be visible.
- The porosity of natural leather is arbitrary, but that of artificial skin is the same.
- Look at the slices. Dermatine is based on tissue. Natural leather will see the natural weave of the fibers.
- Expensive products always have a sample of material. You can examine it for fibers, try to moisten it (genuine leather quickly absorbs moisture).
- Bend the product. In artificial skin, creases will remain visible, and in genuine leather they will quickly return to their original position.
- Suede is checked by light stroking. If the deviated pile slightly changed color, then this is a natural material.
Documentary evidence of quality
If the label has a diamond sign, then you have artificial material. For natural use the designation resembling the appearance of the skin of an animal (figured image).
European manufacturers often write on their products designations of natural leather: England - genuine leather, Italy - vera pelle, France - cuir, Germany - echtleder.
Check at home
There are several ways.
- Artificial leather is less porous and therefore repels water, while genuine leather absorbs it. Provided that the product is not waxed or varnished.
- Put your palm on the product. If you quickly felt the heat transfer. That before you is a natural product.
- Can be checked with a lighter. But some manufacturers of simulated skin add substances to its composition that prevent it from melting. Natural material smolders, while imitation melts.