Is your coat coughing? 10 solutions

Spools suddenly appear on a recently purchased item. The coat immediately loses its presentable appearance. You can fix the problem at home or contact professionals.

Causes of Pellets

Loose fibers on clothing can move to the surface of the fabric. With friction, they begin to curl into small balls called pellets. They form when exposed to tissue on coarser surfaces.

Some time after the purchase, you may notice that the coat is coughing. This means that there are lumps of fiber on the clothes.

What material will be coughed up and which not

Insufficient twisting of the threads leads to the fact that during the operation of clothes, the fibers begin to twist into lumps. Most of all succumb to this fabric of low density and knitwear. The more synthetic additives, the more stable the spools. The following fabrics do not cough up: natural linen, cotton, silk.

IMPORTANT! On synthetic materials without special treatment, the appearance of stable spools is often seen.

Mixed species are very popular today. The addition of synthetics can improve the properties of natural materials. The result is a wear-resistant, elastic fabric. If they contain a large percentage of synthetics, then the appearance of balls of fabric fibers is inevitable.

Why do spools appear on the coat

Small lumps on clothes form after prolonged wear and a large number of washes. The fibers begin to get confused.

ATTENTION! The appearance of the coat is influenced by the constant wearing of a bag or backpack. In places of friction, the pile rolls down.

If technology was violated in the production of the material, this will also contribute to the appearance of balls of fabric fibers. The coat can cough up due to insufficient twisting of the threads, long constrictions.

Incorrect clothing care also leads to the appearance of pellets. This occurs as a result of washing at elevated temperatures, the use of products that are not suitable for this type of fabric. It is important to comply with the recommended drying regime of the product.

How to remove the spools

There are several ways to help solve this problem. First of all, it is necessary to take into account the composition of the fabric and the manufacturer's recommendations for caring for it.


Apply a simple method for fabrics with a soft long pile. The toothbrush should move in the direction of laying the pile so as not to damage the tissue.

Special machine

The easiest and most convenient solution will be the purchase of a special device for cleaning coats from pellets. The machine has the ability to adjust the height of the knives so as not to damage the fabric. The device will quickly get rid of the problem.

Dry cleaning

You can contact the specialists. If you hand over a thing to dry cleaning, then dirt and spools will be removed from its surface. For this, special tools and modern equipment are used. Proper coat care will extend its life.


The most dangerous and at the same time operational method is used for knitted clothes with a smooth texture. It is not used for cashmere and angora. The razor is also not used for mohair. If it is sharp, then the risk of damage to the surface of the product is high. During the procedure, the material is stretched, it is necessary to work with the machine carefully.


If balls of fibers only began to appear, then they use a simple method. Adhesive tape is glued to the desired area, and then removed with a sharp jerk. It is better to give preference to the sticky tape itself, with its help it will be possible to remove the maximum number of spools.

IMPORTANT! An alternative would be a wide patch.

This method will not allow you to eliminate large lumps that have long formed on the surface of clothing.


In some cases, you can use the means at hand. To get rid of the pellets, manicure scissors are used. But this option will require a lot of time and effort. The time-consuming method is suitable if there are not enough lumps on things.


Comb the clothes along the fibers with a comb with small teeth. Careful combing will help get rid of balls of fibers. If after the procedure there are defects, they are eliminated with adhesive tape.

Bread cracker

A piece of black or gray bread is dried in the oven. After it is used to remove lumps from the surface of clothing. Movements of breadcrumbs are carried out from top to bottom.


Processing of clothes is carried out until the defects are completely eliminated. To do this, choose fine-grained sandpaper. Do not press hard on the surface of the fabric so as not to damage it. The method is not suitable for a coat with a pile.

Hard washcloth, scraper

Clean clothes in the direction of the fibers. To do this, use a new washcloth. The principle of its action is similar to other methods.

The three most effective ways

To find a suitable option to combat spools, you need to take into account the composition of the fabric, the presence of pile.

The safest and most effective way will be to contact dry cleaning.

The effective way is a special machine, which can be purchased at the store. This method will quickly and easily cope with lumps on clothes.

If you need to clean a coat with a long pile, then a scallop will be an excellent solution.

The best way would be one that minimizes the risk of tissue damage.

Prevention of the formation of spools on the coat

A coat of cashmere, wool is usually dry cleaned. Synthetic products or clothing made from mixed fibers are washed at home.

If you notice that the coat material is easy to roll, pick up a bag and accessories that will not contribute to this process.

In order to properly care for clothes, you need to pay attention to the information that is available on a special label. If you follow the manufacturer's recommendations, you can prevent the formation of spools, extend the life of the coat.