Textile products, which are made from fibers located in fabrics with different densities, are called bedding. The consumer properties of linen depend on the thickness, location of the fibers, because of how they are woven.
Table what are the density of tissues
|Name||The number of weaves of thread per 1 cm2||Example|
|Average||51–64||Standard linen, cotton|
|Medium high||65–94||Artificial analogues of flax, turkish silk, ranfors - dense calico|
|Very high||More than 200||Gloss of satin, Japanese silk, jacquard, percale|
The following types of fabrics are suitable for the manufacture of bed linen:
- bamboo fiber;
- flax fiber;
- from poplin;
- from ranfors;
- from sateen;
Density table for bedding fabric
|Title||Density, threads / cm||Characteristic|
|Cotton||50-150||There is a dependence on quality, manufacturing methods|
|Chintz||75-110||Plain weave fabric. Not in high demand|
|Calico||50-140||The denser the material, the better it is.|
|Polycotton||100–125||Cotton, Polyester Combination|
|Ranfors||124||Type of calico|
|Poplin||115||For comfort, it is located between calico, satin. The interlacing of threads of different thicknesses gives a small hem, shine|
|Satin||120-140||Shiny surface. Longer and more expensive than calico. It has many varieties, depending on the weaving of the thread.|
|Silk||16–22||Made from silkworm|
|Flax fiber||180-200||The higher the density, the rougher|
|Bamboo||120||Used with jacquard, different types of satin, rayon|
|Flannel||170–257||Very warm, suitable for newborns|
|Mahra||300-800||For the cold season. The higher the density of the fabric, the warmer the linen.|
- a mixture of flax and cotton;
Important! The more cotton in the fabric, the more natural, useful. She breathes better, but wrinkles more.
Chintz bedding is not expensive, but not a durable option. 100% cotton. The material is named after the Indian city. Its positive qualities are:
- Moisture permeability;
- Undemanding in leaving;
Coarse calico is rough to the touch, but has a number of advantages, such as brightness of the picture, cheapness, ease of washing and care. Products are classified by density:
- GOST - 142;
- Standard - 125;
- Comfort - 120;
- Light - 110.
Coarse calico is a type of twisting of a thread, structure - cotton. Density of coarse calico 50-140. The quality of the product depends on the density.
A mixture of cotton fiber, polyester, which may contain from 30 to 75% cotton, and the rest is synthetic fiber. The more cotton thread in the linen, the more breathable, hypoallergenic it is.
Important! It is used in hotels due to its wear resistance, good appearance, it does not require ironing, it is easy to wash, it requires less detergents.
- Negative properties:
- poorly breathable;
- rolls down;
- accumulates static electricity.
A kind of calico with a similar weaving, but a greater density of the thread is ranfors fabric. If you simply add the number of threads to the calico, it will be very rough to the touch. Ranfors, thanks to a thin and stronger twisted thread processed with new special technologies, keeps soft to the touch.
- absorbs moisture well;
- no static electricity;
- no additional care is required;
- retains its appearance for a long time.
However, ranfors is more expensive than products from poplin, calico.
This is a two-sided, one-color, bleached, or dyed fabric with a hem. Poplin is softer than calico, but harder than chintz.
It does not always consist of pure cotton. Sometimes manufacturers add synthetic fiber, which affects the cost, service life of the product. Be sure to look at the label on the composition of bedding.
- does not fade;
- does not sit down;
- the product keeps its original shape;
- protects against allergies;
- no discomfort on the skin;
- very pretty in appearance;
- absorbs moisture.
Varieties of satin for linen:
Glossy surface on the front side and rough, rough - inside. Bright shine of sateen slightly reminds silk. Artificial fiber can be added to satin in addition to cotton, so the composition of the fabric should be carefully studied on the product label. It does not fade, because in the process of processing the fiber passes is processed alternately with acids, alkalis. Ordinary satin has a density of 85-130, obtained by stamping. Stuffed - 85–170. In it, a colored thread is used to apply a pattern. The image without beginning and end, endlessly. Printing - 170. The fabric is passed through the shaft of the printing press, the pattern is uniform. Retains color.
180-230. There is a special technology for applying a pattern, when the image is selected for pillowcases, sheets, duvet covers separately. Lingerie is equally shiny on both sides. It is not subjected to stretching, retains its shape, is not exposed to temperature extremes. The linen is expensive, because the fabric technology is expensive. A variety of jacquard stripe, i.e. striped. It is painted with natural paints of pastel colors.
Elite underwear, soft, gentle, breathable.
The most dense - 220. It is made of Egyptian cotton. In appearance it resembles silk. This is a high-quality and expensive type of satin. Reactive dyes, which apply a pattern to the material, become part of the fiber. This is the most expensive type of dye, because it withstands wet processing, does not fade. In addition, reactive dyes at the same time add elasticity, fine texture, fabrics become soft to the touch. The main properties of satin:
- perfectly eliminate water from the skin surface;
- keeps the microclimate of the body constant;
- the fabric is light, comfortable;
- resistant to processing;
- not wrinkled;
- no allergies;
- one drawback is the price.
- does not cause allergies;
- does not accumulate static electricity;
- interferes with the reproduction of pathogens.
It is a trademark of lyocell fiber. Available under the brand name "Orcel". Both that and another fiber from eucalyptus. It has pronounced bactericidal and a number of qualities:
- comfortable for the body;
- environmentally friendly;
- not deformed during washing, ironing;
- eliminates moisture and allows air to pass better than cotton and silk;
- easy to process, does not deform, dries quickly.
Important! Prevents the accumulation of dust and pathogenic microbes. Designed for people who are allergic to everything and children. For reference. In the manufacture of fiber does not harm the environment, because the technology uses non-waste production.
You will not confuse the invoice of linen fabric with anything. Slightly harsh to the touch with nodules, has bactericidal, antifungal, wound healing effects. It perfectly removes moisture, maintains the microclimate of the body, has a massage effect. It has one drawback - it can sit when washing in hot water.
Bamboo fabric is made in several ways. 5 types of matter are formed:
- viscose bamboo fiber;
- bamboo rayon;
- bamboo acetate fiber;
- the mechanical method of producing yarn is bamboo linen;
- lyocell fiber from bamboo.
The first three types of fabric can very conditionally be attributed to natural. When producing bamboo filaments, it undergoes processing and an artificial fiber is obtained. The last 2 species are environmentally friendly. Bamboo fiber has micro cavities, which ensures its hygroscopic effect. Beneficial features:
- soft, soft to the touch;
- stable during operation;
- heat insulating properties;
- delays ultraviolet rays;
- the skin breathes beautifully under such bedding.
The only negative feature of such bedding is the high cost.
Flannel is a 100% cotton fabric with a very soft texture. The more you wash the flannel, the softer it becomes. It has a pile, very warm. Used successfully for newborns, does not cause allergies. Disadvantage: underneath it is hot to sleep in the summer.
Frotta is warm, cozy, necessary for the cold season. It is necessary to be very careful when choosing terry linen. The content of more than 5% synthetics in it will ensure its rigidity through a couple of washes. Benefits:
- safe for health;
- no need to iron;
- wear resistant;
- pile on the fabric formed by the loops of the main thread, provides a massage effect;
- does not fade.