What is the best fabric density for bedding?

A person needs a dream to rest, relax, release hormones, consolidate what he has learned, produce hormones, normalize immunity, and recover. Each of these functions can be provided with bed linen of different texture and density, depending on the situation.

Textile products, which are made from fibers located in fabrics with different densities, are called bedding. The consumer properties of linen depend on the thickness, location of the fibers, because of how they are woven.

Table what are the density of tissues

NameThe number of weaves of thread per 1 cm2Example
Below average36-50Calico
Average51–64Standard linen, cotton
Medium high65–94Artificial analogues of flax, turkish silk, ranfors - dense calico
High95-200Satin, poplin
Very highMore than 200Gloss of satin, Japanese silk, jacquard, percale

The following types of fabrics are suitable for the manufacture of bed linen:

  • bamboo fiber;
  • cotton;
  • batiste;
  • calico;
  • mahra;
  • Tensla
  • viscose;
  • jacquard;
  • crepe;
  • flax fiber;
  • microfiber;
  • percale;
  • polycotton;
  • from poplin;
  • from ranfors;
  • from sateen;
  • chintz;
  • flannel;
  • silk.

According to statistics, the best gift for a person who appreciates comfort is a set of good bedding. It is difficult to say which fabric option is better, each is guided by its financial situation and needs, but for the consumer it will be preferable for the bedding to be high-density and made from natural materials such as satin, bamboo and linen.

Density table for bedding fabric

TitleDensity, threads / cmCharacteristic
Cotton50-150There is a dependence on quality, manufacturing methods
Chintz75-110Plain weave fabric. Not in high demand
Calico50-140The denser the material, the better it is.
Polycotton100–125Cotton, Polyester Combination
Ranfors124Type of calico
Poplin115For comfort, it is located between calico, satin. The interlacing of threads of different thicknesses gives a small hem, shine
Satin120-140Shiny surface. Longer and more expensive than calico. It has many varieties, depending on the weaving of the thread.
Silk16–22Made from silkworm
Tensel127–173Eucalyptus fiber
Flax fiber180-200The higher the density, the rougher
Bamboo120Used with jacquard, different types of satin, rayon
Flannel170–257Very warm, suitable for newborns
Mahra300-800For the cold season. The higher the density of the fabric, the warmer the linen.

Cotton is a natural raw material from which are made:

  • chintz;
  • calico;
  • Satin
  • ranfors;
  • percale;
  • flannel;
  • polycotton;
  • a mixture of flax and cotton;
  • jacquard.

Important! The more cotton in the fabric, the more natural, useful. She breathes better, but wrinkles more.


Chintz bedding is not expensive, but not a durable option. 100% cotton. The material is named after the Indian city. Its positive qualities are:

  • Moisture permeability;
  • Undemanding in leaving;
  • Hypoallergenicity.


Coarse calico is rough to the touch, but has a number of advantages, such as brightness of the picture, cheapness, ease of washing and care. Products are classified by density:

  • GOST - 142;
  • Standard - 125;
  • Comfort - 120;
  • Light - 110.

Coarse calico is a type of twisting of a thread, structure - cotton. Density of coarse calico 50-140. The quality of the product depends on the density.


A mixture of cotton fiber, polyester, which may contain from 30 to 75% cotton, and the rest is synthetic fiber. The more cotton thread in the linen, the more breathable, hypoallergenic it is.

Important! It is used in hotels due to its wear resistance, good appearance, it does not require ironing, it is easy to wash, it requires less detergents.

  • Negative properties:
  • poorly breathable;
  • rolls down;
  • accumulates static electricity.


A kind of calico with a similar weaving, but a greater density of the thread is ranfors fabric. If you simply add the number of threads to the calico, it will be very rough to the touch. Ranfors, thanks to a thin and stronger twisted thread processed with new special technologies, keeps soft to the touch.


  • absorbs moisture well;
  • no static electricity;
  • no additional care is required;
  • retains its appearance for a long time.

However, ranfors is more expensive than products from poplin, calico.


This is a two-sided, one-color, bleached, or dyed fabric with a hem. Poplin is softer than calico, but harder than chintz.

It does not always consist of pure cotton. Sometimes manufacturers add synthetic fiber, which affects the cost, service life of the product. Be sure to look at the label on the composition of bedding.

Positive properties:

  • does not fade;
  • does not sit down;
  • the product keeps its original shape;
  • protects against allergies;
  • no discomfort on the skin;
  • very pretty in appearance;
  • absorbs moisture.


Varieties of satin for linen:

  • ordinary;
  • printed;
  • printed;
  • jacquard;
  • comfort;
  • stripe;
  • mako;
  • crepe.

Glossy surface on the front side and rough, rough - inside. Bright shine of sateen slightly reminds silk. Artificial fiber can be added to satin in addition to cotton, so the composition of the fabric should be carefully studied on the product label. It does not fade, because in the process of processing the fiber passes is processed alternately with acids, alkalis. Ordinary satin has a density of 85-130, obtained by stamping. Stuffed - 85–170. In it, a colored thread is used to apply a pattern. The image without beginning and end, endlessly. Printing - 170. The fabric is passed through the shaft of the printing press, the pattern is uniform. Retains color.


180-230. There is a special technology for applying a pattern, when the image is selected for pillowcases, sheets, duvet covers separately. Lingerie is equally shiny on both sides. It is not subjected to stretching, retains its shape, is not exposed to temperature extremes. The linen is expensive, because the fabric technology is expensive. A variety of jacquard stripe, i.e. striped. It is painted with natural paints of pastel colors.

Satin comfort

Elite underwear, soft, gentle, breathable.


The most dense - 220. It is made of Egyptian cotton. In appearance it resembles silk. This is a high-quality and expensive type of satin. Reactive dyes, which apply a pattern to the material, become part of the fiber. This is the most expensive type of dye, because it withstands wet processing, does not fade. In addition, reactive dyes at the same time add elasticity, fine texture, fabrics become soft to the touch. The main properties of satin:

  • perfectly eliminate water from the skin surface;
  • keeps the microclimate of the body constant;
  • the fabric is light, comfortable;
  • resistant to processing;
  • not wrinkled;
  • no allergies;
  • one drawback is the price.


The quality of silk fabric is determined not by traditional density, but by the weight of 1 m2 of material. The optimal indicator is from 16 to 22. The most durable, gentle to the touch fabric is made from silkworm. The thread has a trihedral cross-section, which, when light is refracted, provides a shine that is pleasant to the eye. The manufacturing technology of silk fabric is complex, long, labor-intensive. Silk is an expensive fabric. It has high hygroscopicity, but is very sensitive to high temperatures. Silk linen is not boiled. It stretches, loses shape during rough washing. He is very fond of moles. Destroyed by sunlight. Positive traits:

  • does not cause allergies;
  • does not accumulate static electricity;
  • interferes with the reproduction of pathogens.


It is a trademark of lyocell fiber. Available under the brand name "Orcel". Both that and another fiber from eucalyptus. It has pronounced bactericidal and a number of qualities:

  • comfortable for the body;
  • environmentally friendly;
  • elastic;
  • not deformed during washing, ironing;
  • eliminates moisture and allows air to pass better than cotton and silk;
  • easy to process, does not deform, dries quickly.

Important! Prevents the accumulation of dust and pathogenic microbes. Designed for people who are allergic to everything and children. For reference. In the manufacture of fiber does not harm the environment, because the technology uses non-waste production.


You will not confuse the invoice of linen fabric with anything. Slightly harsh to the touch with nodules, has bactericidal, antifungal, wound healing effects. It perfectly removes moisture, maintains the microclimate of the body, has a massage effect. It has one drawback - it can sit when washing in hot water.

Bamboo fiber fabric

Bamboo fabric is made in several ways. 5 types of matter are formed:

  • viscose bamboo fiber;
  • bamboo rayon;
  • bamboo acetate fiber;
  • the mechanical method of producing yarn is bamboo linen;
  • lyocell fiber from bamboo.

The first three types of fabric can very conditionally be attributed to natural. When producing bamboo filaments, it undergoes processing and an artificial fiber is obtained. The last 2 species are environmentally friendly. Bamboo fiber has micro cavities, which ensures its hygroscopic effect. Beneficial features:

  • antibacterial;
  • soft, soft to the touch;
  • stable during operation;
  • heat insulating properties;
  • delays ultraviolet rays;
  • the skin breathes beautifully under such bedding.

The only negative feature of such bedding is the high cost.

Flannel fabric

Flannel is a 100% cotton fabric with a very soft texture. The more you wash the flannel, the softer it becomes. It has a pile, very warm. Used successfully for newborns, does not cause allergies. Disadvantage: underneath it is hot to sleep in the summer.


Frotta is warm, cozy, necessary for the cold season. It is necessary to be very careful when choosing terry linen. The content of more than 5% synthetics in it will ensure its rigidity through a couple of washes. Benefits:

  • safe for health;
  • no need to iron;
  • breathable;
  • wear resistant;
  • pile on the fabric formed by the loops of the main thread, provides a massage effect;
  • does not fade.