What are studs?

Beginner athletes often lose their desire to continue training because of the discomfort that the wrong shoes can create. Those who started running should pay attention to studs.

What are studs?

Studs are special sports shoes designed for running. The sole is equipped with spikes for reliable adhesion to the surface of the treadmill, as a result, the shoes do not slip and the athlete does not waste power.

Shoe Design Description

The design of the studs depends on the type of athletics discipline for which they are intended. The types of studs differ from each other not only by weight, but, first of all, by the characteristics of the sole:

  • stiffness;
  • the presence of depreciation;
  • number, location and stiffness of the spikes.

Important! There are universal studs that can be used at the initial stage of sports. If specialization has already been selected, it is advisable to acquire spikes designed for a specific athletics discipline.

Differences from Simple Sneakers

Sneakers are versatile sports shoes. As a rule, they are acquired by amateur beginners who are primarily concerned with a healthy lifestyle and plan to train using ordinary sidewalks . In addition, these shoes can be considered not only as sports equipment, but also as a comfortable pair for everyday wear.

As for studs, these are purely specialized shoes designed for certain sports.

The main differences between studs and sneakers:

  • light weight and the size of the studs allows the legs not to feel tired for a long time during training;
  • specific specialization of certain types of studs;
  • increased comfort achieved by cushioning, studs and special sole material.

Important! Studs are not designed for running on asphalt!

Types of Studs

There are various types of sports shoes that are chosen depending on the discipline for which they are intended. Let's consider some of them in more detail.

For running

There are significant differences in the design of studs for different distances.

Sprinter studs for running at distances of up to 400 m are the lightest in weight and have the most rigid sole - in professional shoes it practically does not bend . The spikes here are located in front of the sole, which is pulled up, which allows the runner not to lose speed when pushing away from the treadmill. Since the foot with this type of run practically does not fall to the ground completely, depreciation is not necessary.

In studs for distances from 400 m to 1500 m, the sole is also bent upward in the toe region, however, the bend is less pronounced . Cushioning in the sole is and is offset towards the heel. The location of the spikes differs from models for short distances: they are on the inside closer to the toe, and on the sides of the sole closer to the middle.

Long distances are covered in studs with flatter, softer and thicker soles. A stiff plate is inserted into the nose, and the tread in the heel area is rough to prevent slipping on the road.

For jumping

These spikes have significant differences from running ones, and for jumps in length and height the protectors on the spikes are different. If in the first case the main task of manufacturers is to protect the athlete's foot when landing, for which the heel part and the depreciation in it are strengthened. For high jumps, studs are created with a flexible powerful sole and a ribbed tread for stronger repulsion from the ground .

For athletics

For other athletic specializations, studs are produced that take into account the characteristics of the sport.

For running with obstacles, for example, spikes are made of mesh material, so that the water that has fallen from the pits immediately flows from the shoes. In addition, the spikes on the sole do not have sharp endings so that they do not stick into the obstacle that the athlete steps in the process of overcoming the distance.

Cross-country running shoes and orienteering shoes are designed to protect the athlete’s foot from being damaged by stones and sticks, therefore such models are available on thick flexible soles with a pronounced tread pattern. The spikes on such a pair are longer than for running in the stadium.

Most popular brands

Introducing the most popular.

Asics Hyper MD

Sprint studs that can be used as universal. Responsive to the slightest movement, have good cushioning characteristics, which provides easy repulsion from the surface.

Adidas rlh cross

Designed for running at medium and long distances and for cross-country. This model is distinguished by a rubber molded sole and powerful steel interchangeable spikes. The top is made of lightweight mesh materials, which provides the legs with excellent air and moisture exchange. A high level of cushioning characteristics allows the use of these studs in any sport where long loads are expected.

Nike zoom victory

Modern running studs weighing just 93 grams. They are made using heavy-duty threads that provide reliable fixation of the foot, while maintaining the elasticity of the material as a whole. All this provides maximum comfort for the athlete, allowing you to focus on achievements.


It is worth paying attention to the Japanese company Muzino, which produces studs for various athletics disciplines. Among the advantages of this shoe are excellent cushioning, a rubber flexible sole that provides excellent grip, a "breathable" upper material.