What are sneakers made of?

In the wardrobe of each person you can find a pair of sneakers. They are used both for sports and in everyday life. They are practical, comfortable and aesthetically pleasing.

The general concept of creating sneakers

The task of the sneakers is to provide comfort with simple walking or playing sports. They should reduce the load on the foot and soften the blows. For this reason, in the production of such shoes combine different materials. Sneakers consist of the upper part, the sole (main and intermediate), lacing (different types of fasteners), additional elements.

What is the top made of?

The upper provides protection for the foot and its retention on the sole. For its production, both natural and artificial materials are used.

Materials for the upper sneakers:

  • genuine leather is durable and elastic, perfectly retains its shape and allows air to pass through;
  • artificial leather has a light and strong structure, retains its shape under any operating conditions;
  • Textiles are nylon and polyester, lightweight, good air permeability.

These are the basic materials for making sneakers. Each manufacturer is constantly improving tailoring technology. A large amount of raw materials is presented, which performs certain functions.

Midsole

An intermediate sole is one of the main components of sneakers. It provides a stable foot position and softens stress and shock . Filon is often used for this part of the shoe - it is a foam consisting of EVA granules. Due to this, the lower part can take on any shape.

They also use polyurethane, which is durable and hard. Often used a combination of filon and rubber - filite. It is used in conjunction with outsole, which increases flexibility and makes running shoes easier.

Important! Polyurethane is increasingly being replaced by lighter materials not only in the sole, but also in the upper part.

The cheapest option is EVA. It is light in weight and has good elasticity, as it consists of foam. Gradually, air is squeezed out of the granules, and the sole is no longer able to return to its previous shape.

Outsole Materials

The main sole provides an initial level of cushioning. The tread pattern determines the relationship with different coatings. The sole also regulates the allowable load and the kind of sport that you can do in such shoes.

Materials for the main sole:

  • BRS 1000 - a complex complex of rubber with carbon, designed for running;
  • combination of natural and artificial rubber - a universal material for any sports shoes;
  • DRC mixture - regular rubber with additives, used for tennis and walking;
  • Duralon - a type of artificial rubber, provides high cushioning, is used for running.

Lacing, Velcro, other fasteners

Shoelaces are made of synthetic fibers with a metal or plastic tip. Velcro is considered a textile fastener with small hooks on one side and loops on the other. Less commonly used for fastening are metal and plastic clips with carabiners, as well as elastic bands with locks.

Other details

Additional details include insoles and holes for laces. The first element is usually removable, but can be glued to the substrate. For its production using printed material. The holes for the laces are metal and plastic.