A scarf is an additional accessory in the wardrobe of a modern person. Basically, scarves are present in the women's wardrobe, but due to the diversity, they are worn by men. Scarves have been known since ancient times: they were worn by warriors in ancient China and Rome; the Israelis believe that Jesus' head was covered with a cloth, later called “plat”, when he was crucified on the cross; neckerchiefs were used by knights under their armor as protection against rubbing.
In the Middle Ages, scarves were considered a sign of wealth among noble persons - they were embroidered with gold and silver threads, decorated with lace, ribbons and bows. It was mandatory to embroider the coats of arms of the owners or monograms on the corners of the shawl. There were a great many ways to tie scarves, that is, knots, each knot had its own name. We have heard such names of nodes as “Ascot”, “Solitaire”, “a la Byron”, “in Irish”, “Primo Tempo”.
Shawls are cervical, head, breast, nasal. They are made from different types of fabrics: silk, linen, cotton, fluff, artificial materials. There are so many types of scarves that they can be listed for a very long time, so we will focus on the most basic ones.
Kinds of scarves
Bandana is a small triangular or rectangular scarf. It is made mainly of cotton. The classic bandana has various colors and patterns. Spain is considered the birthplace of bandanas - there shepherds wore them. Later, American cowboys also began to wear bandanas, tying them on the front of their faces to protect them from dust.
Currently, a bandana folded in a strip is tied to the forehead, and the knot is located at the back of the neck. Sometimes a bandana is tied as a scarf, in which case it serves as protection from the sun and wind.
The scarf has only a triangular shape. As a rule, a headscarf is used to cover the head or neck. In this case, the nodes can be located both front and rear.
The scaffold is a large rectangular scarf. It serves to protect against cold and wind, therefore it is made mainly from dense natural fabrics. The cough is wrapped around the neck in several layers. This is the most common way of wearing, but sometimes the muffler is simply thrown over the shoulders, and the ends are left to hang freely in front. In this case, the muffler complements the fashionable look.
The shawl is made in the form of a large square. The side of the shawl should be at least 120 centimeters. To date, the shawl is the subject of only a women's wardrobe. The shawl can be knitted or woven. Shawls cover the head and upper body to maintain heat in the cold season.
The palatine has the shape of a rectangle. Typically, stoles are made so large that they are conveniently wrapped around the neck. You can cover your head with a stole, using it as a shawl to protect it from the cold, or put it on your shoulders - in this case, the stole serves as a wrap. Stoles are plain or with a pattern. They are made from natural fabrics, but sometimes synthetic fibers are added to the fabric for durability.
Pareo refers to beachwear. This shawl is large. Due to its size, pareo can be used not only as a cape, but also tied in a certain way, like a beach dress. There are many ways to tie a pareo, each woman will find her own unique way of tying a pareo to look irresistible. Pareo serves as protection against the sun and ultraviolet rays. Fabrics for the manufacture of pareos are taken the most unpretentious, since it is believed that pareo should be non-creasing and quick-drying.
The keffiyeh is a head scarf, which is an item of clothing exclusively in men's wardrobe in Muslim hot countries. Arabs wear keffiyeh to protect from scorching sunlight. Fabrics for keffiyeh are used natural - cotton and wool. There are many ways to wear the keffiyeh - some simply cover it with the head, others attach the igal on top of the keffiyah - a woolen cord that holds the keffiyeh on the head. Still others tie a keffiyeh on their heads in the form of a turban. The keffiyeh has many different names, but one of the most famous is the arafat, named after the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, who wore the keffiyeh.
Hijab is a female head scarf in Muslim countries. It is believed that only men who are close relatives have the right to see the hair of a woman, therefore they wear the hijab so as to completely exclude the peeping of curls from under the scarf.
Fishu is a cervical or chest scarf that ladies have worn in past centuries. In the seventeenth century, a very deep neckline in a ladies' dress came into fashion, and ladies, in order to have a decent image, covered a breast with a batiste or muslin.
Pasha shawl is an accessory for men's wardrobe. The pachet has dimensions no more than 50x50 centimeters, as it is embedded in the breast pocket of the jacket. The ends of the pasha must necessarily look out 3-4 centimeters.
Kare are shawls from the fashion house Hermes. They are made in only 6 different sizes - from 16x16 cm to 90x90 cm. The caret fabric is made from silkworm cocoons. They are worn not only in traditional ways, but also in the form of jewelry on the wrists, clothes, and bags.
The Orenburg downy scarf is knitted from goat fluff and silk thread, used as a base. The production of these scarves began in the second half of the eighteenth century, and today occupies a strong position.
Pavlovoposad shawl - these are large shawls with bright floral prints. But floral drawings were not always - initially in the eighteenth century, these scarves were produced only with a paisley ornament.