Every person, even the most accurate one, was faced with the problem of stains on clothes - coffee spilled on his favorite shirt, lipstick on his collar, traces of grass after a picnic. The clothes of small and curious “explorers of the world” get especially - stains from fruits, juices, ice cream, grandmother’s pancakes, mud collected all over the yard.
Do not despair and send your favorite thing to the country or to the trash. There are no impurities that cannot be removed. There is a lot of means for this in the arsenal of every housewife: from stain remover to scissors (stains can be cut out) - this, of course, is a joke.
Pollution Control Methods
The problem of stains on clothes can be solved in several ways:
1. Trust the professionals and take the item to dry cleaning. However, this is not too cheap, and institutions of a similar profile may not be nearby.
2. Use a ready-made tool. On the shelves of hardware stores there is a huge selection of stain control products - napkins, soap, sprays and liquids. Not the fact that these tools will help. And some stain removers themselves leave marks on the fabric, which then have to be removed.
3. Folk remedies, proven over the centuries - "grandmother" advice. There are a lot of such recipes on the Internet.
What should be in the arsenal
What “ingredients” may be needed to remove contaminants:
- white vinegar;
- washing powder;
- laundry soap;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- dishwashing detergent;
- starch or potato flour;
- citric acid or lemon;
Many of the listed components are in the arsenal of each hostess or are purchased for a penny.
What is needed
To remove stains of varying degrees of "severity", "age" and size can be useful:
- cotton swabs;
- ear sticks;
- clean white rags;
- paper towels or napkins;
- old toothbrush;
- latex gloves.
What you need to know
When removing stains from things, certain rules must be followed so as not to harm the product:
- Before processing, the stain must be thoroughly cleaned with a brush from dust.
- It is necessary to understand the nature of pollution - fat, dirt, blood, grass, etc.
- When choosing a treatment agent, the characteristics of the fabric should be considered. Alcohol and acid destroy paint. Silk is not treated with acetone. Chlorine is harmful to cotton fabrics. Bleach and alkali apply only to white products.
- From the wrong side, under the stain, lay a board wrapped in several layers of white cloth or a paper towel so that the product does not spread and does not spoil the other side of the thing.
- Do not start processing with strong tools. Sometimes a sufficiently damp stain is sprinkled with salt, treated with soap and washed.
- If the stain has not been removed the first time, it can be reprocessed several times, alternating the application of the product with thorough washing. In this case, you should carefully observe how the tissue behaves.
- Before use, any stain remover should be tested on the fabric, applied from the inside to an inconspicuous place, such as a hem or seam.
- Processing should be carried out from the edges to the center of contamination. So that there are no stains on the fabric, it is moistened around the stain with water or gasoline and / or sprinkled with talc.
- The most common contaminants are from foods that are fatty in nature. They are removed with solvents - turpentine, acetone, gasoline or a mixture of these agents.
The listed solvents are volatile and flammable. Clean in a well-ventilated area. During operation, do not light a fire. Funds should be stored in vials with tightly closed lids, in places not accessible to children. Remember that inhalation of vapors can cause a headache.
If the moment is missed when a fresh stain could be cleaned with soapy water or another simple method, it is old and has become very ingrained in the fabric, resorting to more radical methods. Here are some of the most powerful recipes.
Means number 1. Sound mixture from all stains on clothes - gasoline soap
This tool is universal. It is suitable for all types of fabrics, white and colored. Removes almost any stains. The disadvantage of this recipe is the complexity of the preparation, and the ingredients will have to be found.
There are two ways to cook.
Option number 1
1. In half a glass (100 gr.) Of methylated spirits, dissolve half of a piece of baby or other white toilet soap, previously grated on a coarse grater.
2. A bowl of soap-alcohol mixture is put in a pan with hot water and heated, stirring constantly. If the water has cooled, it is poured and poured hot.
Do not put the mixture on open fire!
3. After the soap is completely dissolved in alcohol, pour a glass of aviation gasoline and 1 teaspoon of OP-7 detergent into a slightly cooled solution. The mass is constantly stirred until it cools completely.
Some experienced "stain removers" advise replacing aviation fuel with gasoline for lighters.
Option number 2
1. Oleic acid (12 parts by volume) mixed with alcohol (4 parts).
2. Dissolve the resulting mixture in gasoline (180 parts).
3. Heat the mixture in hot water, as in the previous recipe. DO NOT BOIL!
4. Continuously stirring with a wooden stick, 25% ammonia solution (6 parts) is gradually added to the resulting mixture. You should get a clear liquid.
The finished composition is stored in a dark glass container with a tight tight lid. They treat any stains - from fat, blood, fruit, and even from fuel oil, tar, tar, paint. Good for handling dirt on work clothes.
Means No. 2, quite radical - oil solution
This recipe is simple and public. Helps to remove long-standing stains, including those of unknown origin. Its advantage is that they can clean children's things.
- Bring 10 liters of water to a boil in an iron bucket or tank.
- In boiling water add half a glass (100 g.) Of detergent, 2 tbsp. l powdered bleach without chlorine and the same amount of any vegetable oil.
- Stir the liquid thoroughly, remove from heat and immerse completely dry clothes in a hot solution. Leave on for 30 minutes, periodically stirring the contents of the bucket.
- After the specified time, remove the items and rinse them thoroughly.
You will be surprised, but things will be clean. Stains from dirt, grass, fruits, grease will go away.
Means No. 3, very strong, using aspirin
This recipe will help in the fight against dried spots of fat, tomato, sauces and other contaminants. It is very suitable for washing clothes of cooks, kitchen towels, tablecloths and napkins.
- Laundry soap grate on a coarse grater.
- 1 tbsp. l soap dilute in 1 liter of hot water.
- Add 2 tablets of aspirin to the solution.
- Soak the laundry for 6-8 hours.
- Rinse thoroughly.
The resulting solution can be applied directly to the stain without processing the whole thing.
The tool No. 4 based on hydrogen peroxide
- Mix hydrogen peroxide, baking soda and liquid dishwashing liquid in equal proportions until a gruel-like mixture forms.
- Apply the resulting mass to the stain with a toothbrush, gently rub the place of contamination and leave for half an hour.
- Wash off the product with water, wash the product.
Summing up, we can say with confidence: everything that has not been removed can be removed from clothing using affordable and inexpensive means. The main thing is to quickly respond and not delay the stain removal process.
Let your near and dear ones be always neat, and your favorite things serve for a long time!