Hygiene requirements for shoes

Hygiene requirements are imposed on the shoe so that it is as comfortable, wear-resistant as possible and does not harm your health. You will find a list of these conditions in our article.

Hygiene requirements for shoes

Comfortable shoes are an important component of not only a beautiful walk, but also the health of the feet. It must comply with hygiene requirements in order to avoid mechanical stress, getting wet or exposure to cold.

Compliance with season, working conditions and weather

In short, the shoes must be appropriate to the place where you put it on, weather conditions and season . Depending on the place of work, it is necessary to wear those models that will be appropriate and correspond to the accepted dress code. But the prerequisites are softness, elasticity, lightness and durability of shoes. It should be comfortable to wear.

In winter, it is best to dwell on leather products with fur lining. It is recommended to choose a thick sole. In summer it is advisable to wear light and open shoes that will be well ventilated. If the climate is very hot, you should choose thick-soled models. This is necessary so that the legs do not overheat. The recommended material is textiles, but anyone with high breathability will do.

Top strength and lightness

Light models are a great option for spring, summer and early fall. It is better to buy a top with good ventilation from lightweight materials . Sole choose from:

  • EVA, which has good cushioning;
  • tuna, with good strength and lightness.

Sole thermal protection

The sole is what you need to pay attention to first of all, since it is thanks to it that the shoes serve us for a long time . Its important property is thermal protection. It is worth considering the materials from which it is made, and make a choice already on their basis:

  • from polyurethane;
  • from thermoplastic elastomer;
  • from thermoplastic rubber.

An excellent option is boots, especially in severe frosts. They protect well from the cold and weigh a little, but over time they can deform the foot due to the limitation of its mobility.

Correct temperature and humidity conditions

The best choice is leather goods. The skin itself is a natural membrane, so in such shoes the legs will breathe well. The models maintain a balance of temperature and moisture, but they require constant care.

Worth remembering! Feet should not sweat in any shoes. They should be warm, but not hot.

Water and moisture impermeability

To avoid illness, it is important to always keep your feet warm. In cold and humid weather, this is difficult, so pay attention to shoes with such soles:

  • from polyvinyl chloride;
  • thermoplastic rubber.

These models should be paid special attention to fishermen, workers of meat and dairy industrial and other similar industries.

Important! Shoes made of wood or plywood are a bad option.

Resistance to deformation

For shoes to last as long as possible, it is best to opt for products made from natural materials. The sole is the basis of the product, so pay attention to it. Polyurethane or thermoplastic elastomer is recommended.

Size matching

In order to avoid circulatory disorders, joint mobility, it is necessary to wear shoes that are slightly larger than the original size.

Too tight and narrow models are contraindicated, as they can cause deformation . It is recommended to buy products that are 10-15 mm longer and wider than the feet. It increases at the time of puberty - in girls at 11-12 years old, and in boys - at 13-14. During this period, it is important to change shoes more often. But at the age of 15–16 years for girls and 17–18 years for boys, the foot stops growing, size stabilizes.

Right heel

Even if the shoes are not designed to go outside, they must be with a heel . In his absence, rolling of the foot during movement will be complicated, which will lead to rapid muscle fatigue.

Another drawback of products without heels (as well as simply too loose) is the increased risk of flat feet (the arch of the foot either decreases or disappears altogether). This is fraught with poor posture, which in turn leads to vertebral deformities. Small hemorrhages occur in the brain, leading to headache and loss of strength.

Therefore, you should not buy a child or wear shoes without heels, believing that it is better for health. In addition to a violation of the depreciation function of the foot, other diseases can occur.

If the child is less than 6 years old, then the permissible heel height is 0.8 cm. At the age of 6–10 years, it is 1-2 cm, while older students are allowed 2-3 cm.

Important! At the age of 17-18, the permissible heel height should not exceed 4 cm, otherwise there is a health risk due to the fact that the center of gravity of the body shifts forward, disrupting proper walking. As a result of this, the gait becomes difficult (due to the fact that there is no stability), the muscles are very tense, and the fingers are compressed in the toe. As a result, part of the foot increases, becomes denser, fingers undergo deformation, and nails grow.

Adults are also not recommended to wear high-heeled shoes for the same reasons.

What is fraught with violation of the rules?

If you wear uncomfortable shoes made of low-quality materials, then deformation of the foot is inevitable. The list of consequences:

  • the appearance of corns, bruising;
  • deformation of the soft parts of the foot, after which the structure of the bones changes;
  • nail ingrowth;
  • circulatory disturbance;
  • increased sweating of the legs;
  • flat feet.

Important! Due to impaired circulation, the temperature of the legs becomes lower. The consequence is the risk of catching a cold.

Subtleties of the requirements for children's shoes

The children's foot is constantly growing, so in order to avoid deformations of the foot, you should pay attention to additional details:

  • Compared to the foot, the insole should be 10 mm longer;
  • stable back - an important condition for ensuring the stability of the heel;
  • simple mount that is easy to adjust;
  • it is best to opt for natural materials;
  • low heel so that the load is distributed evenly;
  • it is necessary to simulate the insole both in horizontal and vertical plane.

Be sure to wear not only beautiful, but also comfortable shoes. So you can extend the life of the selected model and maintain your health!