How do buttons make?

Buttons are so tightly embedded in human life that we notice them only when we lose. We don’t even think about where they come from on clothes, which way they go before sewing on a bar or cuff. Our story is about all this.

How to make buttons in a factory?

Buttons were designed to fasten men's clothing more than a thousand years ago. Over time, they began to produce them for ladies' outfits. These were not only elements of the fastener, but, first of all, unique jewelry produced individually for clothes of noble and wealthy people using expensive materials and precious stones.

Now they are made in the factory from various compositions of plastic resins. Wooden and metal fittings are a little less common, and fasteners made of animal horns, porcelain, glass, seashells, semiprecious raw materials are even less common. Various colors, shapes, sizes, thickness - there are a huge number of options for all this. You can choose the right fittings for any clothes.

Before getting into the store, plastic products go through a rather complicated path, the initial stage of which is the manufacture of sheet buttons:

  • it all starts with workers mixing the polyester resin with the catalyst;
  • then this composition is sent to the drum, which during rotation ensures uniform distribution of the solution and its spraying to obtain the first layer with ultraviolet pigment.

Important! Button masters work in production: pressers and stampers of plastic products, plastic foundry workers on thermo-automatic machines. That is what these professions are called.

Blank making

The creation of buttons continues:

  • workers lay grooves in viscous material to create a pattern;
  • when after 5 minutes the raw material thickens, the next layer is applied, it can be a different color. With the help of this mass, the sheet becomes thicker, the grooves of the lower layer are filled, and a contrast of two colors occurs;
  • after the second layer has hardened, the third one is applied in the same way, and after a while - sometimes the fourth layer;
  • a sheet that is sufficiently hard to produce blanks and moderately flexible to maintain shape under mechanical stress is removed and placed under a press;
  • further, circles are automatically knocked out - button blanks, which are called "rondelle". Their diameter should correspond to the size of the manufactured fittings;
  • the transformation of the workpiece into a button occurs on a multi-purpose machine.

Workpiece processing

The machine places the resulting workpieces on a circular conveyor, feeding them with the inner side up. The mechanism distinguishes the location of the ultraviolet solution, which is frozen in the first layer, checking whether everything lies on the right side. If the location is incorrect, then the workpiece is reset and loaded again.

After this, several incisors treat the rondelle from the back until it becomes convex. Then the process continues on the front side of the workpiece, with which the cutters also work, honing the layers with the creation of a vein effect. The last stage of the work of the cutters is punching a hole for threads.

Important! Buttons on the leg are made with cutting the eye, so part of the raw material goes to waste, which increases the cost of this type of hardware.

Filtration

All buttons are loaded into the drum and polished within 14 hours. Pumice pieces and ceramic chips act as abrasives . At the end of the work, the drum is filled with water, all suspensions remain at the bottom, and the buttons rise and are removed. In another drum, the hardware is processed with silicone wax and pieces of wood.

How do non-circular buttons?

The accessories can be of completely different shapes: round, square, oval, rhomboid, triangular, rectangular, in the form of a flower, heart, berries, other unusual shapes and complex design. To make such a button, a sketch is created at the factory, then a template is developed, then the master, by manual pouring, produces the necessary number of accessories . This method can also be used to obtain buttons with beads, rhinestones, various decorative elements.

Can I make buttons with my own hands?

Nowadays, the handmade direction is very popular, in which things are created with your own hands. Buttons can also be made independently. Craftswomen working on the ideas of the original fittings come up with interesting, unbroken patterns and solutions of different colors from various raw materials.

In addition to the generally accepted materials for making buttons: plastic, metal, wood, glass and mother-of-pearl shells, home masterpieces can be sculpted from polymer clay, leather, velvet, chiffon, brocade, plastic, and epoxy .

Walkthroughs and master classes are easy to find on the Web, and materials for work can be found in the nearest stores. Upon reaching a certain level of skill, you can take orders or give unique accessories to relatives and friends.