Today on sale is an extensive assortment of shoes that meets any customer needs. Choosing a new pair is not only fascinating, but also a rather complicated process. When purchasing shoes in a store, we are used to trying on them, but buying using the seller’s website on the Web can make it difficult for anyone. Often, in order to facilitate the choice for customers, exact size criteria are indicated on Internet portals. However, in the usual sense, size refers to the length of the foot. Very rarely, such an indicator as its completeness is taken into account. It determines its volume in the widest part, that is, in the area of the bone.
For most, the fullness of the legs is average, so many do not even have an idea about such a parameter. Owners of large, wide or, on the contrary, narrow legs often experience some difficulties when buying shoes, without attaching special importance to the completeness of the shoes. In everyday life, the term is replaced by similar ones in meaning - “block” or “lift”. Owners of non-standard feet tend to make the wrong choice of shoes, giving preference to models several sizes larger or smaller. Because of this, corns often arise, and in the worst case, pathological changes in the joints occur.
How to measure and determine from the table
Shoe manufacturers mainly produce shoes based on averaged values. If completeness is not indicated on the package, then be sure - there is steam with average completeness in the box. In the world, several systems for indicating completeness are accepted:
- the English system assumes a letter designation: A, B, C, D, E, F. In addition to the standard, 10 more are allocated, namely 5 for narrow legs - 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A, 6A, as well as 5 for large ones - 2F, 3F, 4F, 5F, 6F. These parameters are very rare in mass sales. They are mainly custom-made. A step between the values is 0.5 cm;
- the European system implies a digital designation, in increments of 0.5 cm. The size range goes from 1 to 8;
- The Russian system for measuring the completeness of shoes is the only one that involves separate parameters for male and female legs. This rule is prescribed in GOST 3927-88. The step between the parameters is less and is 0.4 cm. There are 12 sizes in a row.
In the tables, the parameters correspond to a specific foot length. If you rely on the Russian system, then the value 6 is the average size, mainly used by manufacturers as standard. Indicators 1 through 5 are suitable for narrow legs, and shoes with values from 7 and above are designed for owners of massive legs.
Leg fullness for woman
To take measurements of the fullness of the female leg, it is necessary to make a measurement with a centimeter tape in the area of the sock, in its widest part. The next step is to compare the obtained data on the volume of the foot with the length of the foot or its size. If the data are different when measuring the legs, it is recommended that you choose a larger value.
Important! Measurements are recommended in the evening, as in the evening the legs tend to swell and trample down.
The fullness of the foot in the Russian system is calculated by the following formula:
W = 0.25 * B - 0.15 * C - A, where:
W - fullness of the foot;
B is the volume of the foot, which is measured by a tailor's centimeter strictly in millimeters;
C - foot length, which is also measured in millimeters;
A is a constant value equal to 17 for women.
If you plan to purchase a pair of American-made, then you should consider the symbol system, which also has gender differences. For the fair sex, the following values are accepted:
- 4A (SS - super slim) - very narrow;
- 3A (S - slim) - narrow;
- 2A (N -narrow) - slightly normal already;
- B (M medium) - medium, normal;
- C (W wide) - slightly wider than normal;
- D (2W double wide) - wide;
- E (3W triple wide) - pretty wide.
The pitch is 5 mm, where B corresponds to 6 Russian completeness.
Leg fullness for men
Measurements of the male foot are made according to the same principle as the female foot. It is worth paying attention to the fact that the difference in completeness for the male and female is 5 mm, that is, the 2nd female size is equivalent to the 1st male, the 3rd female - to the 2nd male and so on.
To measure completeness according to the Russian system, the same formula is used as for women.
W = 0.25 * B - 0.15 * C - A
The difference is only in the coefficient A, which is 16 for men.
In the American system for men, the following values are accepted:
- A (SS) is rather narrow;
- B (S) - narrow;
- C (N) - slightly normal already;
- D (M) is normal;
- E (W) - slightly more than normal;
- 2E (2W) - wide;
- 3E (3W) - quite wide.
In order to greatly simplify the selection, tables have been created by which one can determine the completeness, based on the length of the foot and its girth. All measurements are made strictly in millimeters.
A table has also been created to determine the correspondence between Russian and European measurement systems.
Leg fullness for baby
The foot of a young child is like plasticine. A correctly selected pair of shoes will carry the basis for the further development of the entire musculoskeletal system.
Back in 1988, GOST was adopted. It contained a rule for creating shoes, including children's shoes, in which completeness was also prescribed as for adults. Their difference was in the age group:
- booties were 1 full, that is, universal, with a foot length of approximately 100 mm;
- for toddlers accepted from 1 to 3 completeness, while 2 is considered average with an average girth of 130 mm (size range from 20 to 23);
- small footwear has 5 values of completeness (from 1 to 5), while 155 mm - 3 completeness (average). Sizes accepted are from 23.5 to 26; preschool - also has 5 completeness values, 185 - the average value, that is 3 with sizes from 27 to 31;
- for schoolchildren (both for girls and boys), 8 values are accepted (from 1 to 8). Average - 225 for girls (4 fullness) and 230 for boys (5 fullness). Size range from 31 to 36. It is with school shoes that the completeness of shoes by gender begins to differ;
- 8 parameters of completeness are accepted for adolescents. For young men - 260-265 (4-5 values) are considered average, and for girls - 230-235. Size range from 35 and up to 41.
The difference between adjacent values is 5 mm. According to GOST 3927-88, 8 sizes of completeness are produced in mass production (from 1 to 8, the subsequent ones are made to order). However, the data, to date, are considered hopelessly outdated. The old standards were developed on the basis of children who grew up in those days, and today, according to manufacturers, children began to grow up earlier. Manufacturers adapt to modern youth and began to produce shoes that can be adjusted in completeness. This function is provided by the presence of Velcro or lacing.
In order to correctly choose shoes and not make a mistake, the child must be put on the floor, where a sheet of paper lies and trace the feet of both legs. When set on the surface, the leg increases slightly, if we compare the foot in limbo. Based on this layout, you can navigate when choosing a model. The stencil must be tried on the insole, but not on the sole. Some manufacturers put a decorative allowance in the sole, which can be misleading. The length of the leg is measured from the middle of the heel to the middle of the big toe. If the length of the legs is different, then a larger size must be considered. If the purchased pair is planned to be worn on the toe, then measurements must be done in socks.
Unfortunately, children often can not say about discomfort, so when buying, you must rely mainly on the measurements taken. The fact is that a fat layer is stored on the children's foot, which reduces sensitivity, and therefore the baby just does not feel like sandals or shoes are tight, deforming the foot. You can invite the baby to try to walk. If you notice lameness - the shoes are small, if the child drags the legs - great.
Self-respecting manufacturers are currently conducting various studies and mass measurements of children's feet in order to accurately recreate a convenient shoe.
It is very important that children choose shoes with a blunt toe. Shoes with a pointed toe can disrupt blood circulation, as well as the growth of toes, which in the future can lead to flat feet.
When choosing shoes, put your finger in the space between the heel and the back. If the finger enters too tightly - it is necessary to choose a larger size, and if there is free space - select a smaller size. Properly selected size will allow the leg to be in a normal tone, without undue stress.
The same procedure must be performed when determining with completeness. Try to put your fingers on both sides of the leg.
Important! Do not succumb to the convictions of sellers and representatives of the older generation about the necessary completeness of shoes, if you feel that the shoe is too small for the baby. The first category seeks to sell goods without thinking about the health of your child. Old people often rely on their feelings - they need more foot support for comfort than children.
Patterns of shoes at each company may differ despite the standard established by GOST. Having found a seemingly perfect size from one manufacturer, you should not rely on only one pair. The same size at another company may vary slightly.
Knowing the individual characteristics of the foot, everyone will be able to make the right choice and find the right pair, even if previously experienced enormous difficulties.
As for children's shoes, today the footwear industry provides an opportunity for each parent to choose the best pair for the child. The only problem is that the size chart of one company can vary greatly with the size grid of the second manufacturer. When choosing in the online store you can not ignore and find out the given dimensional tables.