Recently, the demand for genuine leather products is no longer so active. The reason is the appearance of less expensive, high-quality products made of eco-leather. The popularity of such material is explained by its differences for the better from other types of artificial material.
What is the difference between eco-leather and artificial
- Furniture: manufacture of upholstery for armchairs and sofas.
- Haberdashery: creating bags and wallets, briefcases and purses.
- Easy: sewing clothes.
Many companies use eco-leather for the production of car covers.
Artificial leathers consist of the following layers:
- impregnating composition;
- polymer coating.
The fabric base of the eco-material is made of natural or polyester materials.
The polymer coating of the environmental material is polyurethane. There are other types of artificial leather based on the following polymers:
- thermoplastic elastomer;
- cellulose nitrate;
- monolithic and porous-monolithic;
- single-layer and multi-layer;
- fiber-free baseless;
Depending on the conditions under which artificial leathers are used, such varieties are known as: ordinary and frost-resistant, acid-resistant and alkali-resistant, water-resistant, etc.
Ecoskin is so close in some properties to natural skin that sometimes only specialists can distinguish them. This applies when the polyurethane substitute material is of very good quality.
How to distinguish skin from ecoskin
It is necessary to take into account a number of features that eco-leather has:
- Heats up as well as natural, from human heat in contact with it. Leaves no traces of moisture.
- The pattern on the front side is very close to the natural pattern.
- Not susceptible to significant deformations: when stretched quickly restores shape. Soft and elastic fabric to the touch.
- It absorbs moisture well.
How to distinguish skin from eco-leather on a jacket
Natural material will not delaminate. But if the upper coating in the form of a film is found on the cut, and on the lower layer the fabric is polyurethane skin. If it was not possible to find the raw edge of the product, pay attention to the seams.
In a leatherette jacket, the seams are usually closed and very thin to the touch. Seams can also be closed on a product made of natural material, but when you feel them, a “roller” is felt between your fingers.
A jacket made of natural material will have a specific skin odor. So you can just smell the thing. But some manufacturers go to tricks, impregnating leatherette with special aromatic solutions - they do not recommend completely relying on such an experience.
The weight of the jacket also matters - leatherette items are usually lightweight.
Products from ecoskin have saturated shades. This is because the dye on the polyurethane coating lays down better, therefore, the colors look brighter.
Checking a piece of material with fire is an unreliable method, as special additives have been added to modern leather substitutes.
A dubious method of authentication is also exposure to the material with water. The skin, as you know, absorbs water, but if the surface of the product is treated with a water-repellent composition, the test result will be incorrect.
It would be much easier to distinguish skin from ordinary leatherette. The reason is that the properties of other types of artificial leather differ significantly from the properties of polyurethane and genuine leather for the worse.
What is the difference between eco-leather and leatherette
Result - eco-raw materials acquire a mobile structure, elasticity. Polyurethane film occupies no more than 25% of the total mass. Therefore, we can safely say that eco-leather is a fabric impregnated with polyurethane. And for leatherette, you can choose a definition: a polymer sheet reinforced with fabric.
The breathability of eco-leather is significantly higher than that of other leatherette. This was achieved due to the fact that in the process of applying the film, pores are formed through which air and water vapor pass, but not the water itself. The mesh of polyurethanes is very mobile, so polymers can be rebuilt under the influence of mechanical loads and temperature extremes. These abilities explain their resistance to wear and very low temperatures. Polymers of films of other types of artificial leather wear out faster and crack in severe frosts.
Reference! Polyurethanes are even able to eliminate violations of the polymer network during deformation due to the presence of special groups of atoms that genuine leather has.
What is the difference between eco-leather and dermatin
In contrast to ecological skin, dermatin has the following features:
- Easy to wear. The wear process can be stopped only if the new product is treated with varnish based on silicone.
- It does not tolerate low temperatures: it cracks in the cold.
- It is highly flammable and quickly burns out. In fire hazardous areas it is not permissible to trim the furniture and doors with dermatins.
- When burning, an unpleasant smell of rubber is released. Substances released by burning are very toxic.
- It is resistant to moisture : it does not allow water to penetrate inside the lining material.
- Dermatin is easy to damage without much effort.
- When bent, changes color.
- It has low thermal conductivity. Dermatics are cold to the touch. Even if you hold them in your hands for a long time, they hardly heat up.
- The pattern of the upper layer is homogeneous, only remotely resembling a pattern of natural porosity.
- It is mainly used as a finishing material.
- It gets tougher over time.
- Differs in sensitivity to ultraviolet rays. Upholstery of the door with dermatine is best done from the inside.
- Does not pass air. In clothes and shoes made of dermatin, a person is clearly uncomfortable. It is extremely undesirable to purchase such products, only in case of a shortage of funds.
What is the difference between Alcantara and eco-leather
Such artificial suede is produced by the method of advanced spinning. The result is a very thin fiber, which is then pierced and impregnated with an adhesive composition. The inner surface of the woven material is treated with an abrasive. As a result, the pile rises, and the fabric becomes soft, silky.
Differences Alcantara from eco-leather:
- More susceptible to contamination due to the presence of small fibers on the surface.
- Heats up less under the sun.
- Pleasant to the touch.
- Requires more thorough care. If dirty liquids get on the surface, you have to wash the fabric.
- More elastic. Car covers made of alcatar easily stretch over the seats. But if the eco-leather covers are incorrectly pulled, then over time cracks appear on the material.
- Products from Alcatar are more expensive than from eco-leather.
It is impossible to say unequivocally who is more prone to wear of Alcantara or eco-leather - it all depends on how well they were made.
Information on eco-leather is increasingly convincing that this is the material of the future - absolutely safe for humans during operation, reliable and high-quality raw materials.