How appeared and who invented it
The backpack has its history since ancient times, almost from the formation of mankind itself. And proof of this is a 1991 find. In the Alps, the remains of a man were discovered, and a backpack next to him. To the remains of more than 5 thousand years, the backpack provides a prototype of a modern frame backpack, a frame consisting of a hazel bar and two boards on which a leather bag was attached.
Over time, different nations modernized their backpacks in their own way, but the main purpose remained the same, it was carrying cargo over long distances, and at the same time, hands remained free.
In Germany, a backpack was used as a water transfer, firewood hay. And even there is a monument dedicated to porters, which clearly shows the backpack of that era.
At the Aztecs, the backpack was a wooden base with one strap placed on the forehead.
The Roman legionaries used military campaigns, a shield on which essential things were attached.
If you recall the Soviet cartoon, then the girl Masha with the help of a backpack from the vine, ran away from the bear. And this kind of backpack had a place to be in Russian villages. With its help, berries, mushrooms and other forest gifts were collected.
History of the creation of the backpack and types of backpacks
The appearance of the name of the backpack, recently compared and borrowed from German speech. Literally, Sack is a shoulder bag worn on the back of Rücken, hence Rucksack.
Of course, the backpack has come a long way of evolution from the beginning of time to the present day. Over time, the leather bag was replaced with canvas. And the wooden frame was replaced with a steel base. The next stage allowed us to create a lighter and more durable version, replacing the main parts with nylon and aluminum. The first rucksack arrived on the European continent from America, and was used as a military attribute to carry personal items and soup ration. And already in the future, backpacks began to be used for expeditions and trips.
This is what played an important role in the modernization of backpacks. Satchels began to be used in everyday life, and divided according to purpose.
Types of backpacks:
- Frame backpack. The name speaks for itself, consists of two elements of the frame and bag. Aluminum base for maintaining vertical cruelty, or with a plastic insert of "anatomical" shape;
- Easel backpack. In a simple version, this is a frame with straps, and already on the "machine" a bag, or other overall load, is hung.
Of course, it is worth noting that the backpacks are firmly in school uniform. This is a very convenient element for the safe transfer of textbooks, notebooks and other school supplies. Of course, special models are created for children according to their body structure. The main option is a satchel with an orthopedic back. And it’s convenient, and the child gets used to hold his back correctly, which eliminates the curvature of the spine.
Satchels for the purpose are divided into:
It is also worth noting that many fashionistas have taken stylish backpacks as the basis of their image. And fashion designers are happy to help them in this. You won’t surprise anyone with a glamorous female backpack.
Many not only rural, but also urban residents choose a backpack. The modern rhythm of life dictates its own rules, sometimes it is necessary to literally be transmitted according to the circumstances, and this can always be done if at hand there is a roomy backpack with spare things.
A modern backpack has come a long way in order to become multi-functional, convenient, easy and safe. And every year, manufacturers do not cease to amaze with new products, and even a person who has never gone on a hike necessarily gets a satchel for everyday use.