Armenian national costume

The Armenian national costume is a real chronicle by which you can see and read the history of the people. Material, cut, pattern on clothes will tell us a lot. With the help of the costume you can learn about the social, religious, climatic, as well as geographical conditions in which people lived. Folk costume can tell us about the lifestyle, the history of its owners.

The Armenian nation dates back to the 9th century and is rooted in the Urartian kingdom. During its historical existence, it was repeatedly attacked. War was replaced by periods of prosperity of culture. Traditions were born. Mutual exchange took place with the peoples with whom it was necessary to interact during the persecution. Among them were Persians, Arabs, Greeks and representatives of other nationalities, which enriched the Armenian culture.

All these historical vicissitudes influenced the features of the national costume. And the current generation carefully preserves the traditional national outfit. Consider it together.

Woman suit

The female Armenian costume is called “Taraz” and consists of several essential elements that are clearly visible in the photo. The costume could have some differences for residents of different regions.

Mandatory Items

Shirt - Halava

Regardless of the place of residence, the women's outfit included a shirt . It was white in western territory and red in the east. The style is decorated with long wedges on the sides. Must have a long straight sleeve. The neck of the shirt had a longitudinal neckline, which was decorated with embroidery.

Kaftan - Archaluk

Over the shirt they wore a long dress or a bright caftan with a neckline and slits on the sides.

At the waist, it is fixed with a clasp. Usually, bright colors are chosen for the archaluk. It is yellow, purple, green and red.

Sharovary - pokhan

The female suit of the Armenian woman necessarily included pants . Mountain coolness required additional warming, so such products were not considered only male. Women sewed red pants for themselves , which on the sides were decorated with an assembly. The bottom of the trousers was additionally decorated with gold embroidery.

Apron - Gongots

Some costumes had one more thing to do - an apron . It was mainly worn by residents of the western regions. The apron was tied with a thin belt, which was decorated with embroidery, which had semantic meaning. An amulet inscription “for good health” was embroidered with bright braid on the belt.

Festive outfit

Party dress - Mintana

On holidays, Armenian women dressed in dresses instead of archalukas . Depending on material wealth, they could be made of silk or cotton fabric .

The dress in silhouette resembles an archaluk, only there are no cuts on the sides . Sleeves of clothes are decorated with a braid and a button - a fastener.

In the western regions, women's clothing is more diverse. They wore dresses called juppa, hrha, antifa, khatifa. The difference between these dresses is the cut and composition of the fabric. The detail uniting them is flared sleeves.

Belt (scarf)

The solemnity and festivity of the dress was emphasized additionally. To do this, a belt is necessarily tied over a dress or archaluk . It was quite wide, sewn from silk or wool.

Help Particularly wealthy ladies wore belts of gold or silver.


Bedspread (coat)

Upon entering the street, a prerequisite was to wrap themselves in a coverlet to hide the entire figure. It was woven from fine wool yarn.

Married women preferred to wear blue, and the girls chose a white blanket.

In cold weather, women put on a coat . It was sewn of red velvet, edged with marten or fox fur.

Men's suit

Men's national outfit - multi-layered. This has become his feature. And also the clothes had regional features. Therefore, in appearance, the inhabitants immediately understood where the man who had appeared in their area came from.

In the eastern regions

Armenian men living in the east of the country made up their costume from such details.

Shirt - hat

The product was sewn from cotton or silk fabric . A feature of the cut was a low collar.

Bloomers - Shalvar

The national Armenian pants were blue and were also made of wool or cotton material . Belted on top with a thin ribbon, decorated with tassels at the ends.


In the east, it was a small caftan worn over a shirt . Fastens with buttons or hooks along the entire length. Sewn from cotton or silk fabric.

Chuha (Circassian)

Chuha completed the costume. This is a woolen Circassian, which was thrown over the archaluk . Circassian length should be below the knee. Be sure to have long sleeves that recline.

The belt became a traditional accessory. They were belted with a leather or silver belt .

In the western areas

The wardrobe of the men of western Armenia was also made up of traditional parts that had a common resemblance to the clothes of the eastern regions. However, their traditions were adopted in the west.


The shirt was the usual basis of the costume. But along with cotton and silk, woolen shirts were worn here.

Bloomers - Wartik

Pants wore differently in the west. This influenced their cut. The style of the pants was narrowed down. The trousers were wrapped in fabric from the ankle to the knee .

Kaftan - Christmas tree

Western Armenians wore a short caftan instead of an archaluka, not a short one.

Jacket - Bachkon

For the costume to be fully completed, an Armenian living in the west of the country must wear a cistern. This is a jacket that is worn over the tree and tied in several layers on the stomach with a wide belt of fabric.


Men girdled thoroughly. To do this, they did not need a belt, but a large flap of fabric. He was wrapped around his waist, and tobacco, coins and knives were hidden in fabric folds .

Help During colds, men wore fur vests made from goat skins.

Headpiece as part of a national costume


Eastern areas

Women in the eastern region wear a small hat that is decorated in front with a ribbon and a floral pattern . The front side is decorated with coins.

Then a white scarf is tied, which covers the neck. A scarf of color was tied to a white top.

Western areas

The peculiarities of the headgear of Western Armenians became wooden rims. Women could choose different headbands for themselves.

  • Seals . Such a rim turns into velvet, the sky, stars, the sun embroider on it .
  • Wards . Embroidery depicts a garden of paradise, birds, color . This bezel is worn over a red cap decorated with a tassel . On the sides of the ward fastens along a large button. And along the forehead runs a ribbon with rows of golden coins.

Help Single girls stood out for their hair: they braided a large number of braids.

Men's hats

Men's hats were quite diverse. Armenians wore from fur astrakhan hats to knitwear made of wool.

  • In the east of Armenia, cone-shaped hats dominated. The top was decorated with red silk.
  • Western Armenians preferred caps of a hemispherical shape. Preferably red shades. A scarf was tied over these hats, which were previously twisted with a plait.


The most common shoes for Armenian men and women were leather bast shoes of the “three” . These shoes stand out with pointed toes. They had a lacing that should be long so that it could be wrapped around the lower leg. It was made from rough skin of cattle.

Women's shoes were yellow, green and red. Men wore “three” of black or red leather.

Today, the national costume is not forgotten by the modern generation. It is used during the holidays, elements of folk clothes are used in modern products.